What is PCOS ?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age.
What are the problems of PCOS ?
Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.
PCOS CAN BE TREATED SAFELY
PCOS is a common problem in young women which can be controlled well with life style modification and medications. Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems like Diabetes and Heart disease.
Consultation with doctor
Consultation with doctor with healthy habits can help solve the problems related to hormone imbalance and improve symptoms of PCOS.
What are the symptoms of a woman with PCOS ?
- Menstrual irregularities
- Difficulties or inability to get pregnant
- Hirsutism (excessive facial and body hair)
- Hair loss
- Acanthosis nigricans (darkened and thickened patches of skin)
What are symptoms of PCOS?
Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin.
What are the associated conditions with PCOS ?
Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer.
The PCOS News
Risk of Diabetes in PCOS
Risk of Diabetes in PCOS : PCOS, considered one of the most common endocrine conditions in women of childbearing age, may be present in up to 20% of women of reproductive age.
The majority of cases of PCOS are undiagnosed. Risk factors for PCOS included age between 25 and 34 years, a history of infertility, the presence of metabolic syndrome, and use of oral contraceptive pills.
IUI/ICSI / IVF : IVF with High Success Rate.
PCOS patients often develop infertility . Modern techniques like IUI /IVI/ ICSI helps them in having a baby if infertility is a problem.
What is PCOS ?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.
What is the cause of PCOS?
PCOS is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include obesity, not enough physical exercise, and a family history of someone with PCOS.
How to diagnose PCOS?
Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: no ovulation, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts. Cysts may be detectable by ultrasound. Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia.
How to diagnose PCOS?
Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: no ovulation, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts. Cysts may be detectable by ultrasound.
What are the conditions that produce similar symptoms like PCOS?
Other conditions that produce similar symptoms like PCOS include :
- Adrenal hyperplasia
What is the treatment for PCOS?
PCOS has no cure. Treatment are lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise. Medications for symptom control.
IVF / ICSI is used for treatment of infertility where other measures are not effective.
How common is PCOS ?
PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder among women between the ages of 18 and 44. It affects approximately upto 20% of this age group depending on how it is defined.
What is the menst rual disorders seen in PCOS ?
Menstrual disorders: PCOS mostly produces oligomenorrhea (fewer than nine menstrual periods in a year) or amenorrhea (no menstrual periods for three or more consecutive months), but other types of menstrual disorders may also occur.
What is Oligomenorrhea?
Oligomenorrhea (or oligomenorrhoea) is infrequent (or, in occasional usage, very light) menstruation. More strictly, it is menstrual periods occurring at intervals of greater than 35 days, with only four to nine periods in a year.
What is Infertility?
Infertility is a condition the patient hasinability to become pregnant or carry a pregnancy to full term.
When a patient is diagnosed to have infertility and considered to start infertility treatment?
To consider a couple eligible for treatment is:
A woman under 35 has not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse. Twelve months is the lower reference limit for Time to Pregnancy (TTP) by the World Health Organization.
A woman over 35 has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse.